Peonies - flowers, who are in any garden. The beauty they are not inferior to roses. Not in vain they are called imperial: bright red, pale pink, white, terry large floral "heads" on green bushes with lush foliage.
In Chinese tradition, peonies endowed with magical powers that attract wealth, marriage and marital happiness. Is it, we do not know, but the Chinese are very serious about their legends.
And not only the Greek Greeks believed in the magic of peonies, protecting them from evil gods. And for a modern person, flowers are, above all, beauty, bouquets for loved ones, decoration of front gardens. Pleasant hobby – plant peonies and care for them.
In Chinese tradition, peonies endowed with magical powers that attract wealth, marriage and marital happiness. Is it that we do not know, but the Chinese are very serious about their legends. And not only they, the ancient Greeks believed in the magic of peonies, protecting them from evil gods. And for modern man, flowers are primarily beauty. Bouquets for loved ones, decoration of front gardens. Pleasant hobby: plant peonies and care for them.
Flower growers know that peony is one of the most unpretentious plants. If he creates favorable conditions, then this flower can bloom in one place for about ten years. Its colorful colors attract the eye of anyone present and will not leave anyone indifferent. In some cases, you need to multiply a bush, or move it to another place. At the same time it is necessary to adhere to certain rules. Carefully study how and when you can replant peonies, so that the pet continues to please others.
This is a perennial plant of the buttercup family. can be divided into tree (retain the aerial part during the year), and grassy (the foliage dies in the fall). The most common species are herbaceous peonies. They bloom in May and June. Plant heights reach one meter. Rhizome rather powerful. At the ends of the stems are terry buds. The color of flowers, located at the ends of the stems, is different. White and pink shades prevail.
What is the need for peony transplantation?
A transplant is made if the flowers begin to grow lushly and at the same time create interference with plant development in close proximity. Thanks to this procedure, the division of the plant rejuvenates. Plus, the grower gets extra material for planting. When it is better to transplant peonies and how to do it, how to properly care for the bushes, you will learn by carefully reading the text.
Transplanting in the fall is necessary:
• for reproduction of the favorite variety,
• if the flowering does not occur or the flowers become smaller,
• when changing the layout of the garden.
Flowers can grow in sunny corners of the gardenthat must be protected from the wind. Peonies tolerate shading well. In order to have a spectacular bloom, enough sunshine for five to six hours. However, when they are located in heavily shaded areas, located in the immediate vicinity of buildings or tall trees, the plants will be uncomfortable, and in this case it is not possible to wait for good flowering. Sometimes walls of various buildings and fences shield the heat and cause overheating of the pions. Therefore, the flower garden is better to have away buildings.
When peony is transplanted
It is better to replant the peonies in late summer or early fall. During this period there is still enough heat and there is no heavy cold rain.
If everything is done carefully, it will provide rapid flowering for the next season. In springtime, peonies can only be replanted in exceptional cases.
In spring, it is more difficult for a plant to go through a period of adaptation in a new place, and it may die.
If transplant to perform in the fallThis contributes to the maintenance of a normal development cycle. During this period, plants begin to rest, the root system is most saturated and full of energy. When the seedlings are placed in a damp soil in autumn, with the onset of spring, they quickly give new roots, and the transplant will be painless.
You can not replant the plant in the hot summer period. If you touch a peony in summer, you can condemn it to death or illness.
Peony Transplant in the Fall
How to transplant a peony?
It's easy if you follow. instructions. In the event that the soil at the site is acidic, it is necessary to deoxidize it by adding wood ash or crushed lime (at the rate of 1 cup per square meter).
The most favorable ground for pions is sandy.
- Preparing a new place for the bush. What is it? A pit is prepared with a diameter of 0.4 meters and a depth of about 0.15 meters. The land in it is abundantly watered. Manure or humus is filled up. The soil should be nutritious and loose. In the hole you can add a little sand.
- Preparation of rhizomes. To do this, we dig the plants with a fork. Shovel can hurt root. If the seedling is removed with difficulty, then it is best to start extracting it elsewhere. To loosen the soil until the rhizome with ease and without effort begins to be removed.
- Root cleaning. It is necessary to remove the rotten shoots and wash the roots with water. With garden shears, the bad places are carefully cut off and the cuts are processed with a slightly pinkish solution of potassium permanganate. The main root is allowed to be immersed in a solution of potassium permanganate for a short time. Watch concentration. Excessively strong solution may cause root burn.
- Plant the rhizome into the prepared recess, the buds should be positioned 2-3 cm below the ground level (buried). The roots should be straightened and gently covered with earth, compacting it.
- Abundantly water the plants (at least half a bucket of water).
- Cover with loose soil on top.
With the onset of spring, it is necessary to water the plants, while maintaining the presence of moisture and try not to overdo it.
Excess moisture can lead to rotting of the roots. The compulsory care procedure includes weeding and loosening the soil.
Fertilize adult bushes need in three stages.:
- after the snow melted
- during budding,
- 2 weeks after flowering.
Suitable nitrogen or potash fertilizers
In the end June bloom ends. Shoots that have bloomed need to be cut and fed. Further regular watering is required. Pruning should be carried out in late October before the onset of frost. Stems need to be removed. Cut can not be too low. On the shoots need to leave a few leaves. The formation of the kidneys and their development depend on the correct pruning. When cutting fresh flowers, you also need to act like. Too low a cut leads to abnormal development.
After Autumn pruning was done, the stems can be covered with peat mulch. So, the plant will be easier to winter. This is especially true of young seedlings that were replanted this year. Older bushes are not afraid of cold, they are easier to tolerate the winter.
For the roots, good drainage is also necessary, since even with temporary stagnation, decay may occur. If the site is marked by the close occurrence of groundwater, then you need to make the beds high.
In conclusion, we can summarize what a perennial plant like a peony is unpretentious in the care. A very important procedure for growing is regular transplantation, which is combined with reproduction. When this is done correctly, the bush lives long and justifies the time spent on cultivation.
Sometimes it becomes necessary to transplant peony shoots in the spring. This is done after the snow melted and the ground has completely thawed, you need to have time to transplant before the kidneys wake up.
It is noticed that with such a spring displacement the bushes start to ache and lag behind in development.
Spring during the rapid growth transplantation must be done very carefully. The order of action is no different from what should be done in the fall.
The only caveat: the flowers in the first season you will not wait. Rhizome when moving to a new place is better to take along with a clod of earth.
PFor the first time, the buds greatly deplete the shrub with weak roots. Therefore, they are better to cut. This action will provide full flowering next year.
But the long-term experience of specialists suggests that it is still better to replant peonies in the fall.
If the place is chosen correctly, the peonies can bloom for more than 30 years.
Site selection, soil preparation and other nuances
To transplant successfully, you need to carefully prepare for work.
Peonies love open places with sunlight. This allows air to circulate between the bushes and prevent diseases. Light penumbra during the daytime has a positive effect on plants, but a long stay in the shade will have a negative effect on flowering. Peonies can not please the buds.
A place for peonies should be protected from cold winds. But even near the buildings they can not be planted, since the earth is overheated in this area. The optimal distance is maintained at 1.5 m.
Flowers lack moisture if they are planted in the zone of the root system of trees, tall shrubs. The distance from them is chosen the same as from buildings.
Flowers live in one place for decades, soil preparation has an impact on the decorative peonies.
The composition of garden soil can be any, but it is better to open peonies in loamy, cultivated and drained soil (pH 6-6.5). If there is an excess of clay in the soil, it is necessary to dilute with sand and vice versa. Lime or dolomite flour is added to the acidic soil.
Positively, the flowers respond to wet ground but wetlands and do not tolerate stagnant water.
The roots stretch to a great depth. Having reached solid ground, they branch out in a horizontal direction. With a superficial arrangement of the root system, peonies do not receive enough moisture. Deep processing is especially needed on hard soils. Aeration and drainage are improved. Organic fertilizers in this case are applied to a sufficient depth.
- Soil preparation should begin a few weeks before planting so that the ground can settle (2-4 weeks),
- landing pit size - 50-70 cm in width and depth. The step between the bushes is 1 meter. If the location is low, increase the depth by 20 cm to add drainage. For large landings use trench method
- the bottom is filled with drainage in the form of broken brick, crushed stone, sand 20 cm.
- the next layer (50 cm) is a nutrient mixture: humus, peat, top layer of earth, 200 g of superphosphate per well and 400 g of bone meal, 100 g of potassium sulfate,
- the remaining space is covered with earth without additives. To the edges of the pits do not sleep 10 cm.
The seat is left for several weeks for shrinkage.
Preparation of plants for division and transplantation
Peonies are transplanted to another place no earlier than 4 years. The best time for this is autumn. In case of emergency, when it is necessary to save flowers, for example from rodents and diseases, transplantation is done in the spring. This year, flowering is not expected.
Flowers should be transplanted in early spring, before they begin to grow, that is, after the snow melts, as fragile buds can be damaged.
- From the center of the bush to retreat 30 cm and make a trench. If the plant is 5 years old, it’s enough to arm yourself with shovels. The bush in 10 years is voluminous and the roots go far inland, here it is better to break through the earth with a crowbar.
- Remove the top layer of soil and pull out the bush with two forks, without touching the stems. In the surface layer of the root are the kidneys, which can be easily damaged.
- Stems cut 15 cm from the ground.
- Remove the roots from the soil with your hands, without resorting to tapping.
- Send a bush under running water or rinse out of the watering can. Then a clear picture of the further division of the bush will open.
- Leave the rhizome to dry for 3 hours. This will help to split without much effort.
- Inspect the root system and remove rotten, rodent-damaged places.
- For a large amount of planting material, leave one or two buds and root collar on each part of the tree. Gardeners are advised to divide the bush into equal parts, since too large delenki are ill for a long time, and the little ones can die.
- For cutting use a sharp knife, an ax with a hammer.
- The division is carried out by weight, so as not to damage the fragile roots.
- Cut the old roots up to 15 cm and process the cuts with wood, activated charcoal or green. Leave on air (1.5 hours).
- If you find voids, damaged areas, use fungicides.
Now delenki ready to land at a new place.
In order to transplant pions to a new place in spring, it will be necessary to go through the stages of work:
- Choose a sunny plot.
- For a few weeks to dig a seat. Fill with drainage, nutrient mixture, primer.
- Prepare planting material for planting. To do this, dig up a bush and divide it into delenki.
- Pour the prepared pit with water and land the division in the center. Kidney while leaving the ground part. In heavy soil, peonies are buried by 5 cm, in light - by 7 cm. The roots should be straightened. Survival rate they increase with the help of the "talker". Prepare 10 l of water, where they dissolve 2 tablets of heteroauxin, copper sulphate (50 g), clay. The mixture is kneaded to a pasty state and the roots are dipped into it. As soon as the solution dries, the peonies are planted in the ground.
- The soil is pressed with the hands around the bush, watered, and mulched with hay.
As soon as a sprout reaches 4 cm from the bud, it is necessary to loosen the soil, remove the mulch and sprinkle the root circle with manure with nitrophobia.
Experienced gardeners are advised to plant delenki spring in bulk pots and keep in the basement. To moisten the soil lay the pieces of ice, melting, they will feed the soil. In April, take out the pots to the garden and stick them to the open ground with a pot. In September, prepare a pit and transplant by transshipment.
In our article we will look at how a plot can be leveled.
Here our readers will learn how to prune fruit trees.
More similarly about the conduct of pruning roses in spring, we will tell here.
After transplanting the plant needs watering. The ground should not be allowed to dry. After watering, loosen and mulch the soil. It promotes moisture retention, prevents the growth of weeds. Irrigation should be carried out carefully and to avoid ingress of moisture on the leaves.
Within two years, the buds pinch. During this period, the root system develops. After 2 years, you can leave one bud. Only in the third year peonies will bloom in full glory.
It is necessary to disinfect the soil near the bushes. To do this, dissolve 2 g of potassium permanganate solution in 10 l of water and evenly spread it over the surface of the soil. The procedure has a positive effect on the growth of roots and kidneys.
Young shoots of plants are very fragile, strong wind can damage them. Gardeners equip fencing. The height of the structure is not more than 50% of the bush itself. It is not recommended to tie shoots to the fence.
In winter, the ground should be cut to ground level after the first frost hits.
Prophylactic spraying with antifungal agents or copper oxychloride will help prevent fungal diseases. Dosage: 20 g of the drug in 5 liters of water. For a good result, to carry out prevention twice in the second half of the summer.
Top dressing transplanted flowers
In the first two years, the plant after transplantation does not need root feeding. But for better root formation, experienced gardeners use foliar feeding:
- Prepare a working solution: carbamide - 40 g, a bucket of water. The mixture is sprayed with bushes after the appearance of green mass.
- After two weeks, 1 micronutrient tablet is added to the working solution and sprayed.
- The third feeding is carried out with 2 microelements pills.
In the third year of life, peonies need organic matter and mineral fertilizers.
The first top dressing is required in spring, when shoots are actively growing. In water (1 bucket) dissolve 15 g of saltpeter and add to the soil in the evening.
For root feeding in May, a mullein solution is used. A bucket of manure is poured with water (6 buckets), left to ferment for 10 days. Stir once a day. Before use, diluted with water and watered around the bush.
Re-processing is carried out during the flowering of mineral fertilizers.
After flowering, fertilizers are needed to increase frost resistance and the growth of buds. Feeding is carried out after 2 weeks with a solution of mullein.
Contrary to all recommendations for peony transplantation, experienced gardeners argue that it is possible to transplant peonies not only in the fall, but also in the spring. The main thing is to fulfill all the requirements: the choice of the place, the soil, the right one - and then luxurious flowers will decorate your garden.
When do you need to do this?
Peonies can grow for a long time without proper care. There are real long-livers among these representatives. Over time, the bushes decay, so they need to be transplanted. In most cases, deterioration in the quality of plants is observed 5-7 years after planting.
The root neck is affected by aging, which leads to the colonization of pests. Отверстия и дупла в одеревенелых стеблях обживают черви, муравьи или слизни.
Ухудшение роста и цветения может быть вызвано обилием стеблей. Пионы склонны к разрастанию, и растения начинают друг друга затенять. На густо посаженных цветах каждый год почки формируются более глубоко. This leads to late flowering or lack of it. Additional feeding and careful care does not improve the situation.
In order for peonies not to lose their flowering quality, they must be transplanted to a new place no later than 3-5 years after the laying of seeds.
When is the best place to replant?
The optimal period for peony transplantation is late summer or early autumn. At this time, there should be no heat and frost, which will allow the plant to take root before the onset of extreme weather. Thanks to the autumn transplant, the peonies will feel comfortable in the new place, and their flowering will be earlier.
Sometimes spring transfer is also practiced. It is carried out immediately after the convergence of snow and in the absence of frosts. The rapid growth of the stems and leaves significantly interferes; care must be taken not to damage the aboveground part of the plants. When transplanting in spring, the plant does not bloom.
In summer, transplanting is extremely dangerous for pions. Gentle roots can get sunburn, which in most cases leads to the death of plants. At high temperatures, damaged roots will not be able to recover.
Ways to transplant
Pion transplantation is carried out only with the help of division. Peony bushes after 3 years of life have a special fortress. The root system is gaining momentum, and goes 40-100 cm in depth, so it will not be easy to dig. The use of a spade is not recommended, careless actions can lead to cutting off most of the roots.
Preparing for a transplant
The soil.Large perennial peony roots require a large supply of nutrients. For them, only deep cultivated fertile soils are suitable. When the soil is too compacted, the plants are oppressed and do not bloom; clay soils and substrates with high acidity are not suitable for them.
When preparing the soil, it is necessary to create a drainage layer that will help maintain the optimum amount of moisture and create breathability. When checking the land its acidity should vary in the range of 5.5-6.5 pH.
If pion transplantation will be carried out on heavy soil, it is necessary to dilute it with coarse sand. A few days before transplantation, the land is fertilized with nitrogen and potassium (10-15 grams per bush), compost or humus is introduced.
Light and moisture. Peonies are not recommended to grow near trees, paths and other shrubs. They will need a lot of light. If the ground water is close to the place where the peonies will be seated, the high beds with the addition of expanded clay will form for the root system. The substance does not allow excess moisture to affect the roots, protecting them from rotting.
In addition to wetlands and wet places peonies can not stand the wind. Blown areas are dangerous to plants. Air flows will blow moisture out of the ground and break off tall flowering bushes.
For better flowering can not be deepened growth buds of peonies. If they are identified deep in the ground with high acidity, the plants face gray mold. Pre-ground mixed with wood ash.
The day before digging out the bushes, the plant is watered abundantly under the root so that the hardened soil softens to the maximum. The upper green part is cut, leaving the stems no more than 5-10 cm. At 20 cm from the growth of the shoots, the bush in a circle is undermined by forks and well shaken.
When digging, the plant can decay into parts, which indicates aging of the central roots. It is impossible to divide a peony into parts until it is extracted to the surface. Such treatment may cause damage to the entire bush.
After the plant is dug out, its root system is well washed with running water and left in a shaded place for 6 hours. During this time, the peony will wither a little, which will have a good effect on strengthening its roots. They will not be brittle when landing in the ground. In places where the roots are exposed, activated charcoal is used. They are covered with open tissue to prevent the development of bacteria.
The rotted, damaged and dry roots are removed, and the rest are pruned by 10-20 cm. At least 3 buds should be kept on each rhizome.
For planting a peony bush, a hole is needed that is at least 50 cm deep and 80 cm wide. Retain 80-90 cm between holes. Any drainage is laid at the bottom of the hole (dust, claydite, broken brick, sand). The pit after determining the flower can be filled with fertilized soil or a special complex soil mixture. The root system must be well tamped, preferably feet.
Care of the transplanted plant
A new plant after transplantation usually hurts for up to three weeks. At this time, the bushes need to properly care.
Immediately after determining the colors, the soil is watered. To avoid root disease in water (7-10 liters), you can add a few grains of potassium permanganate. The solution will prevent contamination of the system with pathogenic bacteria.
When the onset of cold bushes carefully cover until next spring. Peonies are opened when the threat of frost has passed. From this point on, they need not only watering, but also other measures to improve growth.
After the appearance of the first shoots of the bushes require loosening. The tillage is done neatly, without drowning the tool more than 5 cm. It prevents kidney damage. Deeper loosening is possible after sprouting of peony stalks. Weeding and saturation of the soil with oxygen is carried out after each watering and rainy weather.
In early spring, peonies must be mulched with the help of humus, compost or rotten bark. It is impossible to throw fresh manure under the root, it can cause a burn of the kidneys and the root system. Thanks to the mulch, the plants will be protected from excessive sun exposure and possible soil erosion after heavy rains.
For peonies suitable plentiful and not frequent watering. With long-term preservation of heat, the bushes are watered in the evening once a week. One plant accounts for at least 20-30 liters of water. Do not skip watering during heavy growth, bookmark buds and flowering.
If the landing hole was well fed, then in the next 2-3 years peonies do not need additional nutrients. After three years, potash and phosphate fertilizers are applied under the bushes in early spring, and during planting the bud they focus on fertilizing with nitrogen.
After a set of green mass ponies must be tied up. Heavy buds can cause bushes to bend down when rainy or windy weather persists. Peonies without a garter can die. The best option would be a circular fence in the form of wooden wedges that are tied with a rope. That way the construction will keep the shape of the plants well, and it will not disintegrate.
After active flowering, dried buds are removed. Fallen petals can create a radical layer in which pathogens multiply rapidly..
Types of peonies photo
- Japanese peonies have the most delicate buds, similar to fluttering butterflies. The main advantage of this type of pions is that the bushes look neat and do not fall apart: the load on the buds is comparable to their strength.
- Non-curved flowers of this group are strong, with straight stems. Petals are not large, located in 1-2 rows. In total in one bud up to 10 petals.
- Anemone-shaped - in the bud 5 or more petals, which are located in 2 or more rows. Stamens modified, located in the center of the bud.
- Terry is one of the most common and popular groups of pions. For these varieties is characterized by a large number of colors, and huge flower stalks, because of which the plant is lowered.
Peony transplanting area in spring
A gardener should well calculate a place for peony transplantation in spring, so that peony bushes after transplantation can become powerful and for a long time can please with their beautiful flowering. The site for peony transplantation in the spring should be well lit. Before planting peonies in the spring, it is necessary to carefully and deeply dig up the plot, removing all weeds. It is better to plant the peony away from the buildings, since the red-hot walls will contribute to the overheating of the flowers.
And of course the site should be protected from drafts, the buds quickly fall off from a strong wind.
Spring Peony Care
Transplanted peony bushes need to be watered abundantly, and also around peonies to loosen the soil, thereby suppressing the growth of weeds. Spring peony transplantation in spring can lead to drying of the lower leaves, it is better to pinch them right away until they are affected by diseases.
Remember that spring transfer of peonies to another place is stress for flowers, they may not throw out the buds this year. If, however, in the year of transplantation on the bushes of peonies, flower stalks began to tangle, it is better to cut them so that the plant is fully rooted and strengthened.
Top dressing of peonies in the spring
Feeding peonies in the spring is an important component in the care of this plant. All gardeners advise to carry out at least 4 dressings only during the growing season.
At that moment, when the growth of young shoots begins, the peonies need to be fed with ammonium nitrate solution. Prepare the solution: 10 l. water at 15 grams. granules of nitre. Fertilizer saltpeter is recommended to be carried out 1 time in 2 weeks before flowering.
To feed peonies in spring with organic fertilizers is necessary in the root way. For this stir mullein or bird droppings in a ratio of 1:10 and 1:25, respectively.
As you can see, peony transplantation in the spring as a whole differs little from peony transplantation in the autumn. The main thing is to follow the following rules: choose the right place for transplanting peony bushes, ensure regular watering and adhere to the correct composition of spring feeding of peonies, and then your handsome peonies will surely delight you with their flowering for years. Not only the appearance of peonies fascinates hostesses, but also their fragrance, because it is nice to go out into the garden, where it smells like a pleasant aroma of these wonderful flowers.